First Steps

Let's learn some HTML!

Quick facts:

  • HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. Invented in the early 1990's, researchers were looking for a way plain-text documents to contain "hyperlinks," a new invention to replace footnotes. Hyperlinks allowed readers to simply click a word to have the relevant cross-referenced document loaded, rather than having old-style footnotes at the bottom of the page or chapter.

See for a comprehensive HTML reference.

  • HTML has undergone many revisions since. We will be using HTML 5. Modern HTML provides a way to completely "mark up" a document's content to denote the start and end of headings, paragraphs, bullet lists, images, and more.

  • Important terminology:

    • Element
    • Attribute
    • Opening Tag
    • Closing Tag
    • Content
    • Document
    • Head
    • Body